Exposition hall "Under the plane tree"

Exposition hall “Under the plane tree”

The exhibition hall “Under the Sycamore” presents a stationary exhibition “Art Gallery of the Vorontsov Palace”, which gives an idea of the main stages of the development of Russian fine art of the late XVIII ‒ early XX century. The twentieth century.  Among the authors are famous Russian artists, graphic artists, sculptors, who at one time studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts.

More than 70 paintings of various genres and directions are exhibited in the halls. The high level of quality of the Russian portrait of the end of the XVIII century is evidenced by the works of D. Levitsky and V. Borovikovsky. The best portrait painter of the first quarter of the XIX century was V. Tropinin, who captured the image of a man of the Romantic era.  In the middle of the nineteenth century, examples of the portrait genre in the mainstream of realism were created by the traveling artists I. Kramskoy, N. Yaroshenko, at the end of the XIX‒ beginning. The twentieth century.  ‒ V. Serov, A. Murashko, N. Pimonenko, etc.
         Russian landscape painting developed very rapidly and in a variety of ways throughout the 19th century. Along with the species paintings, where the stylistic canons of classicism were observed in the composition and three-dimensional distribution of color, such masters as I. Aivazovsky and A. Bogolyubov painted seascapes in the spirit of romanticism.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, a number of painters appeared, whose paintings were imbued with love for their native nature. This feature is inherent in the works of V. Orlovsky, S. Vasilkovsky, P. Levchenko.
The paintings of I. Seleznev, V. Golynsky, and A. Kuindzhi displayed at the exhibition are distinguished by their emotional and artistic expressiveness.
           Mythological and biblical subjects, traditional for academic artists, were used in G. Popov’s drawing “Salome” (1893) and A. Zemtsov’s watercolor “Forge of the Volcano” (1883).

The famous Russian sculptor Samuel Galberg (1787-1839) studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts in 1795-1808. He is the author of the portrait of John Kapodistrias sculpted from marble in Rome in 1828 (marble, 1828), and the bust of Alexander Pushkin (plaster, copy).

The total number of exhibits at the exhibition is 103 (one hundred and three), of which 77 are paintings, 20 are graphics, 5 are sculptures, and 1 is photography.